Determine a general area of your interest. Make sure it is narrow enough.
A Brief History Of Paper. True paper is characterized as thin sheets made from fiber that has been macerated until each individual filament is a separate unit. Medieval paper was made of diluted cotton, linen fiber.
HunterThe fibers are then intermixed with water and by the use of a sieve-like screen, the fibers are lifted from the water leaving a sheet of matted fiber on the screen. The thin layer of intertwined fiber is paper.
Hunter5 Many people include think of papyrus and rice paper as paper. Papyrus is not History paper from macerated fiber so, it is not true paper. Papyrus is made from a grasslike aquatic plant in the sedge family called Cyperus papyrus.
It has woody, bluntly triangular stems that are cut or sliced end to end with metal knife. Then these thin "boards" are pasted together much like laminated wood. It is made from strips of the cut spirally from the pith of the rice paper tree, a small Asiatic tree or shrub, Tetrapanax papyriferum, History paper is widely cultivated in China and Japan.
The pith is cut into a thin layer of ivory-like texture by means of a sharp knife. American Paper and Pulp Association, Parchment and vellum are also not paper. They are made from the skins of animals Hunter ,6 Where It Began. It was, thin, feted, formed, flat made in porous molds from macerated vegetable fiber.
Formal Analysis Paper Example 1 Formal Analysis Paper Example 2 Formal Analysis Paper Example 3. The history of paper dates back almost 2, years to when inventors in China first crafted cloth sheets to record their drawings and writings. Before then, people communicated through pictures and symbols etched on stone, bones, cave walls, or clay tablets. The official Colonial Williamsburg history and citizenship site featuring colonial history, research, podcasts, teacher resources, kid's games, .
Hunter ,4 Before the 3rd century AD, the first paper was made of disintegrating cloth- bark of trees and vegetation such as mulberry, hemp, china grass Hunter ,56 Paper was used in China from ADfor engraving religious pictures and reached its height of in with the wooden block prints made popular by Sung Ying-hsing.
The technology of making paper moved from China to Japan and then to Korea in AD where it was commonly made from mulberry bark and Gampi. Later it was made from bamboo and rice straw.
Hunter ,59 Marco Polo gave one of the first descriptions of Chinese papermaking in his 'Milione'. He mentions that the Chinese emperors jealously guard the secrets of papermaking and that fine paper is manufactured from vegetable fiber: Chinese paper made from bark and the fibers of rags and hemp may have traveled on caravans following the Gobi Desert, the Desert of Takla Makan and the Tarim Valley and finally arrived in Samarkan.
But papermaking was a closely guarded secret and it was not actually made there until after AD.
In the Chinese lost a battle in Turkistan on the banks of the Tharaz River. It was recorded that among the Chinese prisoners were skilled papermakers. The craftsmen began making paper in Samarkan. Hunter ,60 Samarkan was a good place to make paper because it had an abundant supply of hemp and flax and pure water.
Hunter ,61 It has been conjectured that the first paper mill was established in Baghdad http: It took years to find its way to Europe. HunterBy the end of the 10th century, paper had replaced parchment and papyrus in the Arab world.
The material of the Arab paper was apparently substantially linen. It seems that the Arabs, and the skilled Persian workmen whom they employed, at once resorted to flax, which grows abundantly in Khorasan, as their principal material, afterwards also making use of rags, supplemented, as the demand grew, with any vegetable fibre that would serve; cotton, if used at all, was used very sparingly.
Paper of Oriental manufacture in the Middle Ages can be distinguished by its stout substance and glossy surface, and was devoid of water-marks.
The oldest recorded document on paper was a deed of King Roger of Sicily, of the year ; and there are others of Sicilian kings in the 12th century. A notarial register on paper, at Geneva, dates, from The oldest known imperial deed on the same material is a charter of Frederick II to the nuns of Goess in Styria, of the yearnow at Vienna.
InFrederick II forbade further use of paper for public documents; which were in future to be inscribed on vellum. In Venice the Liber plegiorum, the entries in which begin with the yearis made of rough paper; as are the registers of the Council of Ten, beginning in ; and the register of the emperor Henry VII.
In the British Museum there is an older example in a manuscript. Arundel which contains some astronomical treatises written on an excellent paper in an Italian hand from the first half of the 13th century. The letters addressed from Castile to Edward I.
Stutermeister11 There is a record of paper being used by the Empress Irene in Greece at the end of the 13th century, but with one doubtful exception, there are no extant Greek manuscripts on paper before the middle of the 13th century.A Brief Guide to Writing the History Paper The Challenges of Writing About (a.k.a., Making) History At ﬁrst glance, writing about history can seem like an overwhelming task.
History’s subject matter is immense, encompassing all of human affairs in the recorded past — up until the moment, that is, that you started reading this guide.
Sep 28, · If your assignment is to write a research paper on history topic and you feel lost and confused, don’t panic! We can help you to grasp the idea on how to pick the best history research paper topics and get a perfect grade!History research papers are there to demonstrate your knowledge of certain events and your ability to analyze them.
Your research paper presents your work, ideas and. History Papers (Drawn from a survey of the History Department) You engage in cheap, anachronistic moralizing.
(See page 9.) 9. You are sloppy with the chronology. (See page 4.) 8. You quote excessively or improperly. (See pages 9, ) 7. You have written a careless “one-draft wonder.” (See page ) 6.
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Place with timely delivery and free revisions that suit your needs! Early chinese paper was made from the bark of the mulberry tree. The bark fibers were broken and pounded into a sheet. Later, the Chinese discovered that one could make higher quality paper by adding hemp rags and old fish nets to the pulp.
The history of Chinese writing . Improving Your Skills at Writing History Papers with Our Service. Not all history students are skilled at writing – as obvious as it may be, this fact doesn’t preclude college professors from assigning similar history term papers to all people who take their courses, irrespectively of their aptitude and skills.