Definition and Outline Colonialism is not a modern phenomenon.
Many colonists lived in fairly crude structures, including dugoutswigwamsand dirt-floor huts made using wattle and daub construction. Construction improved in later years, and houses began to be sheathed in clapboardwith thatch or plank roofs and wooden chimneys.
These houses were the precursors to what is now called the saltbox style of architecture. Seeking land of their own, groups of families would petition the government for land on which to establish a new town; the government would typically allow the group's leaders to select the land. The group leaders would also be responsible for acquiring native title to the lands that they selected.
Outside a town center, land would be allocated for farming, some of which might be held communally. Farmers with large plots of land might build a house near their properties on the outskirts of the town.
Church services might be held for several hours on Wednesday and all day Sunday. Puritans did not observe annual holidays, especially Christmaswhich they said had pagan roots. Annual town meetings would be held at the meeting house, generally in May, to elect the town's representatives to the general court and to transact other community business.
Towns often had a village greenused for outdoor celebrations and activities such as military exercises of the town's trainband or militia. Marriage and family life[ edit ] Many of the early colonists who migrated from England came with some or all of their family.
Infant mortality rates were comparatively low, as were instances of childhood death. Older widows would also sometimes marry for financial security.
It was also normal for older widowed parents to live with one of their children. Due to the Puritan perception of marriage as a civil union, divorce did sometimes occur and could be pursued by both genders.
Sex outside of marriage was considered fornication if neither partner was married, and adultery if one or both were married to someone else. Fornication was generally punished by fines and pressure to marry; a woman who gave birth to an illegitimate child could also be fined.
Adultery and rape were more serious crimes, and both were punishable by death. Rape, however, required more than one witness, and was therefore rarely prosecuted. Sexual activity between men was called sodomyand was also punishable by death.
Women were almost exclusively responsible for seeing to the welfare of the children. Children were baptized at the local meeting house within a week of being born.
The mother was usually not present because she was still recovering from the birth, and the child's name was usually chosen by the father.
Names were propagated within the family, and names would be reused when infants died. If an adult died without issue, his or her name could be carried on when the siblings of the deceased named children in his memory.
Most children received some form of schooling, something which the colony's founders believed to be important for forming a proper relationship with God.
Towns were obligated to provide education for their children, which was usually satisfied by hiring a teacher of some sort. The quality of these instructors varied, from minimally educated local people to Harvard-educated ministers.
Government[ edit ] The structure of the colonial government changed over the lifetime of the charter. The Puritans established a theocratic government with the franchise limited to church members.
Winthrop, Dudley, the Rev.The economic history of the United States is about characteristics of and important developments in the U.S. economy from colonial times to the present. The emphasis is on economic performance and how it was affected by new technologies, especially those that improved productivity, which is the main cause of economic growth.
Colonial Life Essay - Colonial Life In the earlier years of the colonies life was a bit more difficult than it is now in the presant.
People led simpeler lives without all the things we take for granted today. Life in Colonial America Essay Sample. Within each colony the more wealthy colonists lived differently from the poorer people living nearby.
The lives of those who experienced the frontier experiences when the colonies were first established in the seventeenth century differed greatly from those who lived in the well-established colonies.
The Massachusetts Bay Colony (–) was an English settlement on the east coast of North America in the 17th century around the Massachusetts Bay, the northernmost of the several colonies later reorganized as the Province of Massachusetts Bay.
The tidewater aristocrats were the fortunate few who lived in stately plantation manors with hundreds of servants and slaves at their beck and call.
Most plantation owners took an active part in the operations of the business. Surely they found time for leisurely activities like . Essay on City Life in India ( Words) Article shared by: ADVERTISEMENTS: In spite of the evils and difficulties of city life people continue to move to and live in cities.
The number of cities instead of decreasing is increasing. More and more people are entering the cities and the city life is influencing the attitudes and ways of.